Observation of Non-Abelian Charged Nodes Linking Nonadjacent Gaps

Dongyang Wang, Biao Yang, Mudi Wang, Ruo Yang Zhang, Xiao Li, Z. Q. Zhang, Shuang Zhang, C. T. Chan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nodal links are special configurations of band degeneracies in the momentum space, where nodal line branches encircle each other. In PT symmetric systems, nodal lines can be topologically characterized using the eigenvector frame rotations along an encircling loop and the linking structure can be described with non-Abelian frame charges involving adjacent bands. While the commutation rules between the frame charges are well established, the underlying relationship between distant band gap closing nodes remains to be explored. In this Letter, we present a photonic multiple nodal links system, where the nodal lines of nonadjacent bands are investigated with symmetry constraints on frame charges. Through an orthogonal nodal chain, the nodal line from the lower two bands predicts the existence of nodal lines formed between the higher bands. We designed and fabricated a metamaterial, with which the multiple nodal links and the topological connection between nonadjacent nodal lines are experimentally demonstrated.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume129
Issue number26
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 23 2022
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy

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