Observation of superconductivity in granular Bi nanowires fabricated by electrodeposition

Mingliang Tian, Jinguo Wang, Nitesh Kumar, Tianheng Han, Yoji Kobayashi, Ying Liu, Thomas E. Mallouk, Moses H.W. Chan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

77 Scopus citations


Bulk rhombohedral Bi at ambient pressure is a well-known semimetal, and its transition to a superconductor has not been observed, at least down to 50 mK. We report that, unlike bulk rhombohedral Bi, granular Bi nanowires with well-defined rhombohedral grains of ∼10 nm diameter, fabricated by electrochemically depositing Bi into porous polycarbonate membranes at ambient pressure, are superconducting with two transition temperatures, Tc, of 7.2 and 8.3 K. These Tc values coincide with Tc values of the high-pressure phases Bi-III and Bi-V, respectively. Analysis of our structural and transport data indicates that the superconductivity in granular Bi nanowires probably arises from grain boundary areas where there are structural reconstructions between the grains showing a preferred orientation within a small angular distribution. © 2006 American Chemical Society.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2773-2780
Number of pages8
JournalNano Letters
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • General Materials Science
  • General Chemistry
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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