On the performance of cooperative NOMA Using MRC at road intersections in the presence of interference

Baha Eddine Youcef Belmekki*, Abdelkrim Hamza, Benoît Escrig

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


As the traffic safety has become of utmost importance, much attention is given to intelligent transportation systems (ITSs), and more particularly to vehicular communications (VCs). Moreover, 50 % of all crashes happen at road intersections, which makes theme critical areas. In this paper, we investigate the improvement when implementing maximum ratio combining (MRC) in cooperative VCs transmission schemes using non-orthogonal multiple access scheme (NOMA) at road intersections. We consider that a source transmits a message to two destinations with an aid of a relay. The transmission undergoes interference generated from a set of vehicles on the roads. We obtained closed form outage probability expressions, and we extended the derivations for a scenario involving K destination nodes and several road lanes. The performance of MRC cooperative NOMA are compared with the standard cooperative NOMA, and we show that implementing MRC with NOMA offers a significant improvement over the standard cooperative NOMA. Also, we compare the performance of MRC using NOMA with MRC cooperative orthogonal multiple access (OMA), and demonstrate that NOMA significantly outperforms OMA. We conclude that, it is always beneficial for vehicles to use MRC and NOMA even at the cost of implementation complexity. Finally, we demonstrate that the outage probability increases drastically when vehicles are closer to the road intersection, and that using MRC with NOMA improves significantly the performance in this context. To verify the correctness of our analysis, extensive Monte-Carlo simulations are carried out.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101321
JournalPhysical Communication
StatePublished - Jun 2021


  • 5G
  • Cooperative
  • Interference
  • Intersections
  • MRC
  • NOMA
  • Outage probability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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