Optical diagnostics of laser-induced and spark plug-assisted hcci combustion

M. Weinrotter*, E. Wintner, K. Iskra, T. Neger, J. Olofsson, H. Seyfried, M. Dén, M. Lackner, F. Winter, A. Vressner, A. Hultqvist, Bengt Johansson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

27 Scopus citations


HCCI (Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition), laser-assisted HCCI and spark plug-assisted HCCI combustion was studied experimentally in a modified single cylinder truck-size Scania D12 engine equipped with a quartz liner and quartz piston crown for optical access. The aim of this study was to find out how and to what extent the spark, generated to influence or even trigger the onset of ignition, influences the auto-ignition process or whether primarily normal compression-induced ignition remains prevailing. The beam of a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser (5 ns pulse duration, 25 mJ pulse energy) was focused into the centre of the cylinder to generate a plasma. For comparison, a conventional spark plug located centrally in the cylinder head was alternatively used to obtain sparks at a comparable location. No clear difference in the heat releases during combustion between the three different cases of ignition start could be seen for the fuel of 80/20 iso-octane/n-heptane used. However, with optical diagnostic methods, namely PLIF (Planar Laser-Induced Fluorescence), Schlieren photography and chemiluminescence imaging, differences in the combustion process could be evaluated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - Dec 1 2005
Event2005 SAE World Congress - Detroit, MI, United States
Duration: Apr 11 2005Apr 14 2005


Other2005 SAE World Congress
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityDetroit, MI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Pollution
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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