Optimal synthesis of high fouling-resistant PVC-based ultrafiltration membranes with tunable surface pore size distribution and ultralow water contact angle for the treatment of oily wastewater

Tausif Ahmad, Chandan Guria, Ajay Mandal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effects of salt and alkali in coagulation bath for the synthesis of Pluronic F127/polyacrylonitrile/bentonite (PF127/PAN/bentonite-) blended polyvinyl chloride (PVC) ultrafiltration (UF) membrane with ultralow water contact angle and tunable surface pore size distribution have been established and the synthesized membrane has been tested for the purification of oily wastewater. The UF membranes are prepared via a single-step phase inversion technique using different coagulation baths involving (i) water, (ii) KCl, (iii) aqueous KOH solution, and (iii) KCl + aqueous KOH solution, and the effect of coagulation on membrane morphology, structure and performance have been studied. The best performing membrane is obtained by maximizing pure water flux using casting solution involving PF127, PAN and bentonite, and KOH-induced KCl-salt coagulation bath. The optimally synthesized membrane performs very well for the purification of oilfield oily wastewater, and a significant increment in permeate flux is obtained with oil rejection > 97.0%. The optimally synthesized UF membrane results in reduced surface pore size distribution with exceptionally high surface pore density, ultralow oil-adhesion, and improved antifouling performance maintaining with stable permeate flux for a long-time run. The synthesized PVC/PF127/PAN/bentonite-blended UF membranes using KOH-induced KCl-salt coagulation bath have shown great promise for the purification of oilfield oily wastewater, especially with low oil concentration below 200 ppm.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSeparation and Purification Technology
Volume257
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2021
Externally publishedYes

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