Optimization of a power splitting protocol for two-way multiple energy harvesting relay system

Ahmad Alsharoa, Hakim Ghazzai, Ahmed E. Kamal, Abdullah Kadri

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

Energy harvesting (EH) combined with cooperative communications constitutes a promising solution for future wireless technologies. It enables additional efficiency and increased lifetime to wireless networks. This paper investigates a multiple-relay selection scheme for an EH-based two-way relaying (TWR) system. All relays are considered EH nodes that harvest energy from renewable energy and radio frequency (RF) sources. Some of them are selected to forward data to the destinations. The power splitting (PS) protocol, by which the EH node splits the input RF signal into two components for EH and information transmission, is adopted at the relay nodes. The objective is to jointly optimize: 1) the set of selected relays; 2) their PS ratios; and 3) their transmit power levels in order to maximize data rate-based utilities over multiple coherent time slots. A joint-optimization solution based on geometric programming (GP) and binary particle swarm optimization is proposed to solve non-convex problems for two utility functions reflecting the level of fairness in the TWR transmission. Numerical results illustrate the system's behavior versus various parameters and show that the performance of the proposed scheme is very close to that of the optimal branch-and-bound method and that GP outperforms the dual problem-based method.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationIEEE Transactions on Green Communications and Networking
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages444-457
Number of pages14
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

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