Optoelectronic properties of doped hydrothermal ZnO thin films

Asad J. Mughal, Benjamin Carberry, Sang Ho Oh, Anisa Myzaferi, James S. Speck, Shuji Nakamura, Steven P. DenBaars

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Group III impurity doped ZnO thin films were deposited on MgAl2O3 substrates using a simple low temperature two-step deposition method involving atomic layer deposition and hydrothermal epitaxy. Films with varying concentrations of either Al, Ga, or In were evaluated for their optoelectronic properties. Inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy was used to determine the concentration of dopants within the ZnO films. While Al and Ga-doped films showed linear incorporation rates with the addition of precursors salts in the hydrothermal growth solution, In-doped films were shown to saturate at relatively low concentrations. It was found that Ga-doped films showed the best performance in terms of electrical resistivity and optical absorbance when compared to those doped with In or Al, with a resistivity as low as 1.9 mΩ cm and an optical absorption coefficient of 441 cm−1 at 450 nm.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1600941
Journalphysica status solidi (a)
Issue number6
StatePublished - Mar 10 2017
Externally publishedYes


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