Oriented Liquid Crystalline Polymer Semiconductor Films with Large Ordered Domains

Xiao Xue, George Chandler, Xinran Zhang, R. Joseph Kline, Zhuping Fei, Martin Heeney, Peter J. Diemer, Oana D. Jurchescu, Brendan T. O'connor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

Large strains are applied to liquid crystalline poly(2,5-bis(3-tetradecylthiophen-2yl)thieno(3,2-b)thiophene) (pBTTT) films when held at elevated temperatures resulting in in-plane polymer alignment. We find that the polymer backbone aligns significantly in the direction of strain, and that the films maintain large quasi-domains similar to that found in spun-cast films on hydrophobic surfaces, highlighted by dark-field transmission electron microscopy imaging. The highly strained films also have nanoscale holes consistent with dewetting. Charge transport in the films is then characterized in a transistor configuration, where the field effect mobility is shown to increase in the direction of polymer backbone alignment, and decrease in the transverse direction. The highest saturated field-effect mobility was found to be 1.67 cm2 V-1 s-1, representing one of the highest reported mobilities for this material system. The morphology of the oriented films demonstrated here contrast significantly with previous demonstrations of oriented pBTTT films that form a ribbon-like morphology, opening up opportunities to explore how differences in molecular packing features of oriented films impact charge transport. Results highlight the role of grain boundaries, differences in charge transport along the polymer backbone and π-stacking direction, and structural features that impact the field dependence of charge transport.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)26726-26734
Number of pages9
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume7
Issue number48
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 9 2015
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science

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