Outage probability with transmit and receive diversity in a shadowing environment

Vahid Emamian, Mostafa Kaveh, Mohamed Slim Alouini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


We study the effects of lognormal shadowing on systems employing transmit and receive diversity. We derive a closed form formula for the average outage probability of a cellular system with M transmit antennas and N receive antennas. Two cases are considered: (i) all M × N channels are affected by the same shadowing environment, and (ii) all channels face independent shadowing. We validate the formulas that are derived by Monte-Carlo simulations. The results show that the outage probability of the independent-shadowing channels is less than the case in which all channels face the same shadowing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number993462
Pages (from-to)54-57
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference, WCNC
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering


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