Overcoming the kinetic and deactivation limitations of Ni catalyst by alloying it with Zn for the dry reforming of methane

Vijay Kumar Velisoju, Quaid Johar Samun Virpurwala, Yerrayya Attada, Xueqin Bai, Bambar Davaasuren, Mohamed Ben Hassine, Xueli Yao, Gontzal Lezcano, Shekhar Rajabhau Kulkarni, Pedro Castaño

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Stimulated by the capacity of Zn to improve the adoption of CO2 and CH4, we doped a Ni-supported ZrO2 catalyst with Zn to enhance its performance and stability in the dry reforming of methane. We prepared a set of catalysts with different Ni:Zn:Zr proportions and conducted extensive ex situ and in situ characterizations to prove that a Ni–Zn alloy was formed at 750 °C under reductive conditions. Combining a tailored morphology of the alloy nanoparticles, strong metal–support (ZnO–ZrO2) interactions, and additional oxygen vacancies created by Zn inclusion resulted in an enhanced catalyst with 15% higher initial activity and higher stability for over 100 h on stream than Zn-free catalyst. Our experimental and modeling results demonstrated that the catalyst with adjusted Ni:Zn:Zr proportion improves the adsorption and reaction rates of CH4 and CO2 while extending its lifetime through enhanced coke precursor gasification compared to its Zn-free counterpart.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)102573
JournalJournal of CO2 Utilization
Volume75
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 23 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)

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