Passivation strategies for enhancing device performance of perovskite solar cells

Zhifang Wu, Enbing Bi, Luis K. Ono, Dengbing Li, Osman Bakr, Yanfa Yan, Yabing Qi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


Because of high efficiencies and low-cost fabrication, perovskite solar cells (PSCs) have drawn great attention. Although an impressive power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 26.1% has been achieved, there is still room for further improvements before these cells reach their theoretical limit. One major factor limiting the PCE of PSCs is defect-induced recombination. Defect passivation strategies have proven useful in improving the PCE of PSCs. In this review, we first briefly summarize the passivation methods and theories for other solar cell technologies, including silicon solar cells, cadmium telluride solar cells and copper indium gallium selenide solar cells. We then introduce the various types of defects present in PSCs and the corresponding passivation methods. Finally, we provide future perspectives and propose that it is exigent to establish a better understanding of the relationship between the properties of passivation materials and their defect passivation effects on perovskite materials and device performance. To understand this relationship, machine learning can be a powerful tool to advance the design and synthesis of passivation materials to enhance device performance of PSCs.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)108731
JournalNano Energy
StatePublished - Aug 2 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • General Materials Science
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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