Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):polystyrene sulfonate (PEDOT:PSS) has been widely used as the hole transport material in optoelectronic devices. To avoid the cross talk among different crossbars, PEDOT:PSS with low conductivity is required. It thus has a high loading of the non-conductive PSSH. The PSSH-to-PEDOT weight ratio is 6 for Clevios P VP Al 4083 that is the most popular polymer as the hole transport layer. However, the acidic PSSH brings severe problems to the device stability and performance. Here, PEDOT:PSS solutions with low acidity can be prepared through a facile treatment of PEDOT:PSS solution by probe ultrasonication. Two grades of PEDOT:PSS, Clevios PH1000 and Clevios P, with a PSSH-to-PEDOT weight ratio of 2.5 were treated by probe ultrasonication. The ultrasonication can lower the viscosity and the colloidal sizes of PEDOT:PSS solutions and conductivity of PEDOT:PSS films. The pH value of probe-ultrasonicated Clevios P was 2.12, higher than that (1.77) of pristine Clevios P VP Al 4083. The ultrasonication-treated PEDOT:PSS solutions were used as hole transport layer in polymer solar cells and perovskite solar cells. The photovoltaic performances of these solar cells are comparable to that of control devices employing Clevios P VP Al 4083 PEDOT:PSS as the hole transport layer.
- Perovskite solar cells
- Polymer solar cells
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Materials Chemistry
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering