Polymeric nanofibers: Targeted gastro-retentive drug delivery systems

Rafi Malik, Tarun Garg, Amit K. Goyal, Goutam Rath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

78 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Conventional oral dosage forms exhibit poor/low bioavailability due to incomplete release of drug and short residence time at the absorption site. Gastro-retentive drug delivery system (GRDDS) is particularly used to improve bioavailability of the drugs, which have narrow absorption window down in the levels of gastrointestinal tract and also to treat local disorders. Purpose: The purpose of this review is to describe the utility of the nanofibers as gastro-retentive dosage form. From last few decades, formulation scientists have put extensive efforts to develop suitable gastro-retentive drug delivery system, which is appropriate for commercialization. Current approaches used for preparation of gastro-retentive drug delivery system offers limited functional features to control the floating behavior. Recently, an extensive research has been developed to improve the gastric residence time by using nanofibers, which ultimately leads to the increased bioavailability of the drug. Multiple functional features and unique properties of nanofibers improve its gastro retention. Conclusion: Nanofiber system provides stomach-specific drug release for longer duration; moreover, increased local action of the drug due to prolonged contact time with the gastric mucosa. Thus, the nanofiber system promises to be the potential approach for gastric retention drug delivery system.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)109-124
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Drug Targeting
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science

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