Long term stability of the black perovskite phase of CsPbI 3 nanocrystals under ambient conditions is an important challenge for their optoelectronic applications in real life. The nanocrystalline size is found to improve the stability of the black phase at room temperature. Furthermore, doping Mn is proposed to improve the stability of the black perovskite phase of CsPbI 3 nanocrystals (NCs). However, the undoped and Mn-doped CsPbI 3 NCs are prepared in different batches under somewhat different synthesis conditions thus obliterating the role of Mn in the stability of the black phase of CsPbI 3 NCs. Here, we elucidate the effect of Mn doping on the surface and lattice energy of CsPbI 3 NCs, stabilizing the black phase. For this purpose, we employ a postsynthesis doping strategy which has an advantage that the initial host remains the same for both undoped and Mn-doped samples. Uncertainties in the size/shape, surface energy, and structure through direct synthesis of undoped and Mn-doped NCs in different batches can be neglected in our postsynthesis doping strategy, allowing us to study the effect of dopants in a more controlled manner. Our postsynthesis Mn-doping in CsPbI 3 NCs shows that the black phase stability under ambient conditions improves from few days for the undoped sample to nearly a month's time for the Mn-doped sample. We found that though surface passivation with a dopant precursor improves both colloidal and phase stability of black CsPbI 3 NCs, it is the contraction of the lattice upon Mn-doping that mainly stabilizes the films of black phase CsPbI 3 NCs. Similarly, we found that Mn-doped CsPbBr 3 NCs show improved ambient stability of photoluminescence compared to the undoped sample.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)