The molecular responses of plants to the important abiotic stress, heat stress (HS), have been extensively studied at the transcriptional level. Alternative splicing (AS) is a post-transcriptional regulatory process in which an intron-containing gene can generate more than one mRNA variant. The impact of HS on the premRNA splicing process has been reported in various eukaryotes but seldom discussed in-depth, especially in plants. Here, we review AS regulation in response to HS in different plant species. We discuss potential molecular mechanisms controlling heat-inducible AS regulation in plants and hypothesize that AS regulation participates in heat-priming establishment and HS memory maintenance. We propose that the pre-mRNA splicing variation is an important regulator of plant HS responses (HSRs).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Plant Science