A pre-stack 3-D Tau migration was applied to a 3-D seismic data set acquired in offshore Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. The velocity model was built through an initial series of 2-D Tau migration velocity analysis, and supplemented by 3-D subset migration. A 3-D Tau migration velocity analysis was used for the final two updates of the model. The final interval velocity model provided low residuals in the common-image gathers from different offsets and was consistent with velocities from four wells located in the region. This velocity model included the main known features of the region including a low-velocity zone and a major fault. A final 3-D pre-stack Tau migration was applied using the velocity model and a relatively moderate aperture. This migration imaged the region including part of the critical poor data quality region, which includes the reservoir as well as reflections from the fault. Based on the derived velocity model, we concluded that the major cause for the poor image is the presence of a shallow high-velocity anomaly separated by a fault from a low-velocity anomaly.
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