Prediction of protein-protein interaction sites through eXtreme gradient boosting with kernel principal component analysis.

Xue Wang, Yaqun Zhang, Bin Yu, Adil Salhi, Ruixin Chen, Lin Wang, Zengfeng Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations


Predicting protein-protein interaction sites (PPI sites) can provide important clues for understanding biological activity. Using machine learning to predict PPI sites can mitigate the cost of running expensive and time-consuming biological experiments. Here we propose PPISP-XGBoost, a novel PPI sites prediction method based on eXtreme gradient boosting (XGBoost). First, the characteristic information of protein is extracted through the pseudo-position specific scoring matrix (PsePSSM), pseudo-amino acid composition (PseAAC), hydropathy index and solvent accessible surface area (ASA) under the sliding window. Next, these raw features are preprocessed to obtain more optimal representations in order to achieve better prediction. In particular, the synthetic minority oversampling technique (SMOTE) is used to circumvent class imbalance, and the kernel principal component analysis (KPCA) is applied to remove redundant characteristics. Finally, these optimal features are fed to the XGBoost classifier to identify PPI sites. Using PPISP-XGBoost, the prediction accuracy on the training dataset Dset186 reaches 85.4%, and the accuracy on the independent validation datasets Dtestset72, PDBtestset164, Dset_448 and Dset_355 reaches 85.3%, 83.9%, 85.8% and 85.4%, respectively, which all show an increase in accuracy against existing PPI sites prediction methods. These results demonstrate that the PPISP-XGBoost method can further enhance the prediction of PPI sites.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)104516
JournalComputers in Biology and Medicine
StatePublished - Jun 13 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics
  • Computer Science Applications


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