Preparation and cellular uptake behaviors of uniform fiber-like micelles with length controllability and high colloidal stability in aqueous media

Junyu Ma, Chen Ma, Xiaoyu Huang, Pedro Henrique Hermes de Araujo, Amit Kumal Goyal, Guolin Lu, Chun Feng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fragmentation/disassembly of fiber-like micelles generated by living crystalline-driven self-assembly (CDSA) is usually encountered in aqueous media, which hinders the applications of micelles. Herein, we report the generation of uniform fiber-like micelles consisting of a π-conjugated oligo(p-phenylenevinylene) core and a cross-linking silica shell with grafted poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) chains by the combination of living CDSA, silica chemistry and surface grafting-onto strategy. Owing to the presence of crosslinking silica shell and the outmost PEG chains, the resulting micelles exhibit excellent dispersity and colloidal stability in PBS buffer, BSA aqueous solution and upon heating at 80 °C for 2 h without micellar fragmentation/disassembly. The micelles also show negligible cytotoxicity toward both HeLa cervical cancer and HEK239T human embryonic kidney cell lines. Interestingly, micelles with Ln of 156 nm show the “stealth” property with no significant uptake by HeLa cells, whereas some certain amounts of micelles with Ln of 535 nm can penetrate into HeLa cells, showing length-dependent cellular uptake behaviors. These results provide a route to prepare uniform, colloidally stable fiber-like nanostructures with tunable length and functions derived for biomedical applications.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)93-101
Number of pages9
JournalFundamental Research
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2023
Externally publishedYes

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