Printing Al-air batteries on paper for powering disposable printed electronics

Yifei Wang, Holly Y.H. Kwok, Wending Pan, Yingguang Zhang, Huimin Zhang, Xu Lu, Dennis Y.C. Leung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


A printable Al-air battery is successfully developed for the first time by printing the Al ink and the oxygen reduction ink onto a cellulose paper. Currently, the printable Al-air battery can provide an open-circuit voltage of 1 V, a peak power density of 6.6 mW cm−2 and a maximum current density of 40 mA cm−2 when using salt water as the electrolyte. With 6 mg Al, the battery can discharge at 1 mA cm−2 for almost 6 h, leading to a high specific capacity of 951 mA h g−1. It is found that a moderate concentration of the polymer binder and a high concentration of the carbon support are of great importance to the ink functionality, while the hot-press treatment can dramatically improve the electrode performance and robustness. Finally, screen-printed battery prototypes with a specific electrode pattern are demonstrated for powering a small electric fan and a light-emitting diode. The present printable Al-air battery is a novel type of primary power source with low fabrication cost, high energy density and great environmental friendliness, which is especially suitable for powering various disposable printed electronics in the future.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Power Sources
StatePublished - Feb 29 2020
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment


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