Probing the physio-chemical appraisal of green synthesized PbO nanoparticles in PbO-PVC nanocomposite polymer membranes

Abdul Hamid, Muhammad Khan, Asif Hayat, Junaid Raza, Amir Zada, Azeem Ullah, Fazal Raziq, Tiehu Li, Fakhar Hussain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations


Different plants can be used to prepare nanoparticles. This is termed as green technology. It is one of the best ecofriendly and low-cost method for the preparation of nanoparticles which has no harmful effects. PbO nanoparticles were prepared by green method using leaf extract of Datura Sternum plants. The preparation of Lead oxide was confirmed by color change from colorless to yellowish brown. UV–Visible peak obtained at 250 nm and XRD study clarified the formation of PbO NPs. These PbO nanoparticles were then applied for the preparation of Nano Composite Polymer Membranes (nCPMs). PbO-PVC nCPMs were prepared based on polyvinyl chloride (PVC) polymer and PbO filler with the help of solution casting method, using cyclohexanone as a solvent. Different percentage (5–35%) of filler was used. The physiochemical parameters studied were viscosity, water uptake (WU), perpendicular swelling (DT) in deionized water, density, porosity (ε), morphology, ion adsorption capacity (IAC) and electrical conductivity (σ). The values of all these parameters except viscosity and conductivity were increased on increasing filler percentage. Viscosity of the nCPMs solution was decreased from 171 to 46.21. The conductivity of nCPMs was first increased upto 25% filler and then decreased. The deformation in PVC structure was increased on enhancing PbO amount. The values of Density, porosity, water uptake, DT and IAC were found in range 1.15–5.02, 0.50–0.87, 72.01–141.30, 0.012–0.11, and 3.13 × 107–8.60 × 107 respectively.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSpectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
StatePublished - Jul 5 2020
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Spectroscopy
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Analytical Chemistry


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