Radiative forcing by volcanic aerosols from 1850 to 1994

Natalia G. Andronova*, Eugene V. Rozanov, Fanglin Yang, Michael E. Schlesinger, Georgiy L. Stenchikov

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

74 Scopus citations


We use our detailed radiative transfer model and the latitude-altitude distributions of zonal mean optical properties for the Pinatubo aerosol to calculate the time evolution of its instantaneous radiative forcing. We represent the zonal mean of this radiative forcing in terms of the zonal mean optical depth of the Pinatubo aerosol, together with the solar insolation, effective emitting temperature, daylight fraction of a day, and the planetary albedo in the absence of the aerosol. We use this representation, together with the volcano optical depths compiled by Sato et al. [1993], to calculate the instantaneous and adjusted radiative forcing by volcanic aerosols from 1850 to 1994.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1999JD900165
Pages (from-to)16807-16826
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres
Issue numberD14
StatePublished - Jul 27 1999
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry
  • Aquatic Science
  • Soil Science
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geophysics
  • Oceanography
  • Palaeontology
  • Ecology
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Atmospheric Science


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