Rakeness in the design of analog-to-information conversion of sparse and localized signals

Mauro Mangia, Riccardo Rovatti, Gianluca Setti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

83 Scopus citations

Abstract

Design of random modulation preintegration systems based on the restricted-isometry property may be suboptimal when the energy of the signals to be acquired is not evenly distributed, i.e., when they are both sparse and localized. To counter this, we introduce an additional design criterion, that we call rakeness, accounting for the amount of energy that the measurements capture from the signal to be acquired. Hence, for localized signals a proper system tuning increases the rakeness as well as the average SNR of the samples used in its reconstruction. Yet, maximizing average SNR may go against the need of capturing all the components that are potentially nonzero in a sparse signal, i.e., against the restricted isometry requirement ensuring reconstructability. What we propose is to administer the trade-off between rakeness and restricted isometry in a statistical way by laying down an optimization problem. The solution of such an optimization problem is the statistic of the process generating the random waveforms onto which the signal is projected to obtain the measurements. The formal definition of such a problems is given as well as its solution for signals that are either localized in frequency or in more generic domain. Sample applications, to ECG signals and small images of printed letters and numbers, show that rakeness-based design leads to nonnegligible improvements in both cases. © 2004-2012 IEEE.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1001-1014
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers
Volume59
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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