Reassessing the role of sulfur geochemistry on arsenic speciation in reducing environments

Raoul-Marie Couture, Philippe Van Cappellen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Scopus citations


Recent evidence suggests that the oxidation of arsenite by zero-valent sulfur (S(0)) may produce stable aqueous arsenate species under highly reducing conditions. The speciation of arsenic (As) in reducing soils, sediments and aquifers may therefore be far more complex than previously thought. We illustrate this by presenting updated Eh-pH diagrams of As speciation in sulfidic waters that include the most recently reported formation constants for sulfide complexes of As(III) and As(V). The results show that the stability fields of As(III) and As(V) (oxy)thioanions cover a large pH range, from pH 5 to 10. In particular, As(V)-S(-II) complexes significantly enhance the predicted solubility of As under reducing conditions. Equilibrium calculations further show that, under conditions representative of sulfidic pore waters and in the presence of solid-phase elemental sulfur, the S0 (aq)/HS- couple yields a redox potential (Eh)~0.1V higher than the SO4 2-/HS- couple. S(0) may thus help stabilize aqueous As(V) not only by providing an electron acceptor for As(III) but also by contributing to a more oxidizing redox state. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)647-652
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2011
Externally publishedYes


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