Rebound and jet formation of a fluid-filled sphere

Taylor W. Killian, Robert A. Klaus, Tadd T. Truscott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study investigates the impact dynamics of hollow elastic spheres partially filled with fluid. Unlike an empty sphere, the internal fluid mitigates some of the rebound through an impulse driven exchange of energy wherein the fluid forms a jet inside the sphere. Surprisingly, this occurs on the second rebound or when the free surface is initially perturbed. Images gathered through experimentation show that the fluid reacts more quickly to the impact than the sphere, which decouples the two masses (fluid and sphere), imparts energy to the fluid, and removes rebound energy from the sphere. The experimental results are analyzed in terms of acceleration, momentum and an energy method suggesting an optimal fill volume in the neighborhood of 30%. While the characteristics of the fluid (i.e., density, viscosity, etc.) affect the fluid motion (i.e., type and size of jet formation), the rebound characteristics remain similar for a given fluid volume independent of fluid type. Implications of this work are a potential use of similar passive damping systems in sports technology and marine engineering. © 2012 American Institute of Physics.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPhysics of Fluids
Volume24
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 27 2012
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

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