Reduced overhead training for multi reconfigurable antennas with beam-tilting capability

H. Eslami, C. P. Sukumar, D. Rodrigo, S. Mopidevi, A. M. Eltawil, L. Jofre, B. A. Cetiner

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This paper proposes low overhead training techniques for a wireless communication system equipped with a Multifunctional Reconfigurable Antenna (MRA) capable of dynamically changing beamwidth and beam directions. A novel microelectromechanical system (MEMS) MRA antenna is presented with radiation patterns (generated using complete electromagnetic full-wave analysis) which are used to quantify the communication link performance gains. In particular, it is shown that using the proposed Exhaustive Training at Reduced Frequency (ETRF) consistently results in a reduction in training overhead. It is also demonstrated that further reduction in training overhead is possible using statistical or MUSIC-based training schemes. Bit Error Rate (BER) and capacity simulations are carried out using an MRA, which can tilt its radiation beam into one of Ndir = 4 or 8 directions with variable beamwidth ( 2≈π/Ndir. The performance of each training scheme is quantified for OFDM systems operating in frequency selective channels with and without Line of Sight (LoS). We observe 6 dB of gain at BER = 10-4 and 6 dB improvement in capacity (at capacity = 6 bits/sec/subcarrier) are achievable for an MRA with Ndir= 8 as compared to omni directional antennas using ETRF scheme in a LoS environment. © 2010 IEEE.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010
Externally publishedYes


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