Ruddlesden–Popper-Phase Hybrid Halide Perovskite/Small-Molecule Organic Blend Memory Transistors

Murali Gedda, Emre Yengel, Hendrik Faber, Fabian Paulus, Joshua A. Kreß, Ming-Chun Tang, Siyuan Zhang, Christina A. Hacker, Prashant Kumar, Dipti R. Naphade, Yana Vaynzof, George Volonakis, Feliciano Giustino, Thomas D. Anthopoulos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


Controlling the morphology of metal halide perovskite layers during processing is critical for the manufacturing of optoelectronics. Here, a strategy to control the microstructure of solution-processed layered Ruddlesden-Popper-phase perovskite films based on phenethylammonium lead bromide ((PEA)2 PbBr4 ) is reported. The method relies on the addition of the organic semiconductor 2,7-dioctyl[1]benzothieno[3,2-b]benzothiophene (C8 -BTBT) into the perovskite formulation, where it facilitates the formation of large, near-single-crystalline-quality platelet-like (PEA)2 PbBr4 domains overlaid by a ≈5-nm-thin C8 -BTBT layer. Transistors with (PEA)2 PbBr4 /C8 -BTBT channels exhibit an unexpectedly large hysteresis window between forward and return bias sweeps. Material and device analysis combined with theoretical calculations suggest that the C8 -BTBT-rich phase acts as the hole-transporting channel, while the quantum wells in (PEA)2 PbBr4 act as the charge storage element where carriers from the channel are injected, stored, or extracted via tunneling. When tested as a non-volatile memory, the devices exhibit a record memory window (>180 V), a high erase/write channel current ratio (104 ), good data retention, and high endurance (>104 cycles). The results here highlight a new memory device concept for application in large-area electronics, while the growth technique can potentially be exploited for the development of other optoelectronic devices including solar cells, photodetectors, and light-emitting diodes.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2003137
JournalAdvanced Materials
StatePublished - Dec 31 2020


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