Sand-ratio distribution in an unconventional tight sandstone reservoir of Hangjinqi area, Ordos Basin: Acoustic impedance inversion-based reservoir quality prediction

Aqsa Anees, Hucai Zhang, Umar Ashraf, Ren Wang, Hung Vo Thanh, Ahmed E. Radwan, Jar Ullah, Ibrar Iqbal, Nafees Ali, Xiaonan Zhang, Shucheng Tan, Wanzhong Shi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Future gas field development and prospect assessment depend on accurate reservoir parameter characterization. The understanding of the tight sand distribution of the Shanxi and Taiyuan Formations within the Hangjinqi area is ambiguous due to the presence of coal and mudstone lithofacies, high heterogeneity, and poor resolution of the seismic data. Thus, it is difficult to determine the reservoir’s thickness. To cope with this challenge, we have employed the advanced method of constrained sparse spike inversion (CSSI) utilizing 3D seismic and nine wells for the distinction of tight sandstone facies from the coal and mudstone facies. Results of petrophysical analysis of studied well J54 show that the coal and mudstone facies are dominant towards the T9c horizon, whereas tight sandstone facies are present towards the T9d horizon. The obtained findings show that the CSSI accurately identified the spatial distribution of sand-ratio in the zone of interest (ZOI) that lies between the T9c and T9d horizons. The acoustic impedance (AI) of coal shows the lowest AI values, whereas the tight sandstone shows the highest AI values. The tight sandstone facies shows moderate values of AI in the range of 8.5 × 106 kg/m2s to 1.20 × 107 kg/m2s. The impedance map of T9c suggested the presence of coal and mud facies, whereas the T9d impedance map suggest the presence of maximum tight sandstone facies. The sand-ratio map of T9d showed maximum reservoir thickness that ranges from 0.65-0-95, whereas the sand-ratio value mostly ranges from 0 to 0.5 on the T9c map. The maximum sand-ratio values on T9d show that the lower Shanxi Formation has good reservoir characteristics. Whereas, due to the presence of coal and mudstone in the Taiyuan Formation, the T9c map shows low values of sand-ratio. The maximum sand-ratio regions within the targeted T9c-T9d layers should be exploited for future gas explorations.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalFrontiers in Earth Science
Volume10
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 23 2022
Externally publishedYes

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