Scalar structure in turbulent non-premixed NH3/H2/N2 jet flames at elevated pressure using Raman spectroscopy

Hao Tang, Chaobo Yang, Guoqing Wang, Yedhu Krishna, Thibault Guiberti, William L. Roberts, Gaetano Magnotti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


This work presents the first quantitative Raman measurements of temperature, mass fractions, and mixture fractions in two turbulent ammonia/hydrogen/nitrogen-air diffusion jet flames simulating 14% (CAJF14) and 28% (CAJF28) partial ammonia cracking ratio with Reynolds numbers of 11,200. The precision and accuracy of the system were validated in laminar counterflow and laminar jet flames to ensure data quality. The scalar structure in turbulent flames is examined using conditional mean and rms radial profiles, scatterplots in mixture fraction space, as well as statistics conditioned on mixture fraction and physical spaces. These results are compared with opposed diffusion flow 1D simulation with multi-component transport model and Le=1 transport model to visualize the effects of differential diffusion on the scalar structure at various axial positions. Finally, localized extinction was found in CAJF14 but not for the more stable CAJF28, and the probability of localized extinction was less than 2.5%. The dataset is provided as supplemental material and can be used for the validation of numerical models.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)112292
JournalCombustion and Flame
StatePublished - Jul 21 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Chemistry
  • Fuel Technology


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