Secure k-connectivity properties of wireless sensor networks

Yee Wei Law, Li Hsing Yen, Roberto Di Pietro, Marimuthu Palaniswami

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


A k-connected wireless sensor network (WSN) allows messages to be routed via one (or more) of at least k node-disjoint paths, so that even if some nodes along one of the paths fail, or are compromised, the other paths can still be used. This is a much desired feature in fault tolerance and security. k-connectivity in this context is largely a well-studied subject. When we apply the random key pre-distribution scheme to secure a WSN however, and only consider the paths consisting entirely of secure (authenticated and/or encrypted) links, we are concerned with the secure k-connectivity of the WSN. This notion of secure k-connectivity is relatively new and no results are yet available. The random key pre-distribution scheme has two important parameters: the key ring size and the key pool size. While it has been determined before the relation between these parameters and 1-connectivity, our work in k-connectivity is new. Using a recently introduced random graph model called kryptograph, we derive mathematical formulae to estimate the asymptotic probability of a WSN being securely k-connected, and the expected secure k-connectivity, as a function of the key ring size and the key pool size. Finally, our theoretical findings are supported by simulation results. © 2009 by Nova Science Publishers, Inc. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationFrom Problem toward Solution: Wireless Sensor Networks Security
PublisherNova Science Publishers, Inc.
Number of pages14
ISBN (Print)9781604564570
StatePublished - Dec 1 2009
Externally publishedYes


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