Selective Conversion of Carbon Dioxide to Formate with High Current Densities

Xiulin Yang, Defei Liu, Shenghong Zhong, Xiaofeng Zhou, Kuo-Wei Huang, Lain-Jong Li, Zhiping Lai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Selective conversion of CO2 to formate with high current densities is highly desirable but still challenging. Copper hollow fibers with interconnected pore structures were fabricated via a facile method and used as a stand-alone cathode for highly efficient electrochemical reduction of CO2 to formate. Our studies revealed that delivering the reactant CO2 gas to the inner space of the hollow fiber could build up a higher CO2 partial pressure in the pores and presumably reduce the concentration of H[Formula: see text] from the electrolyte to effectively suppress the major competing reaction, hydrogen evolution reaction (HER), from 46.9% faradaic efficiency (FE) to 15.0%. A high selectivity for CO2 reduction to formate with a maximum FE of 77.1% was achieved with a high current density of 34.7[Formula: see text]mA cm[Formula: see text], which is one of the highest FEs on Cu-based materials. Mechanistic studies suggest that the abundant active sites along with the unique crystal facets induced by the high pressure of CO2 at the pore surface in the “gas in” mode are attributed to the superior electroactivity and selectivity for the CO2 reduction to formate. The Cu hollow fiber electrodes exhibit an outstanding long-term stability at high current density, showing great potential for large-scale practical applications.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2150001
JournalJournal of Molecular and Engineering Materials
StatePublished - May 10 2021


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