In this paper, the simulation of a bio-chemical in situ remediation approach is discussed. We consider a field case of a contaminant plume consisting of dissolved chloroethenes. A regional flow model shows, that the contaminants may reach a water works located 2 km downstream of the spill area. Thus, an in situ remediation is anticipated, where the dechlorination and mineralization of the chloroethenes is stimulated by a sequence of aerobic and anaerobic treatments. The equations of the reactive transport model are discretized using implicit time schemes and locally refined meshes. The resulting discrete equations are solved simultaneously with a Newton method and a point-block multigrid method, which turned out to be an efficient solver for the considered systems. Simulation results for several remediation configurations show a fast bio-chemical degradation of the chloroethenes which is, however, limited to the vicinity of the injection wells. This effect is caused by the fast decomposition of the easily degradable substrate infiltrated during the anaerobic treatment phase. The simulations suggest that the preliminary concept of the remediation scheme could be optimized, e.g. by re-injection, with respect to the in situ biodegradation efficiency.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Theoretical Computer Science
- Modeling and Simulation
- General Engineering
- Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
- Computational Theory and Mathematics