The nucleation, growth, and coagulation of liquid droplets in three-dimensional homogeneous isotropic turbulence at Reλ ≈ 150 is simulated. Patches of dry and cold gas mix with patches of hot gas saturated with vapor of a condensable species, inducing nucleation of particles due to supersaturation. The simulation consists of a three-dimensional direct numerical simulation of homogeneous isotropic turbulence with a statistically stationary forced velocity field. All length and time scales of fluid motion and scalar mixing are resolved adequately. For the droplets phase, a model based on the quadrature method of moments and a Lagrangian scheme for the solution of the moment transport equations are employed. Results show that droplets form early in the evolution of the flow field and their concentration peaks on the cold side of the mixing layers separating the patches of hot and cold gas, where droplets nucleate most intensely. Conversely, the droplets grow most rapidly on the hot side of the mixing layers. As turbulent mixing displaces the droplets into regions of hot and moist gas, the droplets' size increases markedly. Conditional statistics of the aerosol phase in the mixture fraction space are employed to investigate this trend.
|Title of host publication
|9th International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena, TSFP 2015
|Published - Jan 1 2015