Sparsifying the resolvent forcing mode via gradient-based optimisation

Calum S. Skene, Chi-An Yeh, Peter J. Schmid, Kunihiko Taira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


We consider the use of sparsity-promoting norms in obtaining localised forcing structures from resolvent analysis. By formulating the optimal forcing problem as a Riemannian optimisation, we are able to maximise cost functionals whilst maintaining a unit-energy forcing. Taking the cost functional to be the energy norm of the driven response results in a traditional resolvent analysis and is solvable by a singular value decomposition (SVD). By modifying this cost functional with the L1 -norm, we target spatially localised structures that provide an efficient amplification in the energy of the response. We showcase this optimisation procedure on two flows: plane Poiseuille flow at Reynolds number Re=4000 , and turbulent flow past a NACA 0012 aerofoil at Re=23000 . In both cases, the optimisation yields sparse forcing modes that maintain important features of the structures arising from an SVD in order to provide a gain in energy. These results showcase the benefits of utilising a sparsity-promoting resolvent formulation to uncover sparse forcings, specifically with a view to using them as actuation locations for flow control.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Fluid Mechanics
StatePublished - Jul 6 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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