SPICE Simulation of RRAM-Based Cross-Point Arrays Using the Dynamic Memdiode Model

Fernando L. Aguirre, Sebastian M. Pazos, Felix Palumbo, Jordi Sune, Enrique Miranda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


We thoroughly investigate the performance of the Dynamic Memdiode Model (DMM) when used for simulating the synaptic weights in large RRAM-based cross-point arrays (CPA) intended for neuromorphic computing. The DMM is in line with Prof. Chua’s memristive devices theory, in which the hysteresis phenomenon in electroformed metal-insulator-metal structures is represented by means of two coupled equations: one equation for the current-voltage characteristic of the device based on an extension of the quantum point-contact (QPC) model for dielectric breakdown and a second equation for the memory state, responsible for keeping track of the previous history of the device. By considering ex-situ training of the CPA aimed at classifying the handwritten characters of the MNIST database, we evaluate the performance of a Write-Verify iterative scheme for setting the crosspoint conductances to their target values. The total programming time, the programming error, and the inference accuracy obtained with such writing scheme are investigated in depth. The role played by parasitic components such as the line resistance as well as some CPA’s particular features like the dynamical range of the memdiodes are discussed. The interrelationship between the frequency and amplitude values of the write pulses is explored in detail. In addition, the effect of the resistance shift for the case of a CPA programmed with no errors is studied for a variety of input signals, providing a design guideline for selecting the appropriate pulse’s amplitude and frequency.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalFrontiers in Physics
StatePublished - Sep 23 2021
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'SPICE Simulation of RRAM-Based Cross-Point Arrays Using the Dynamic Memdiode Model'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this