SPTBN5, Encoding the βV-Spectrin Protein, Leads to a Syndrome of Intellectual Disability, Developmental Delay, and Seizures

Amjad Khan*, Lucia Pia Bruno, Fadhel Alomar, Muhammad Umair, Anna Maria Pinto, Abid Ali Khan, Alamzeb Khan, Saima, Alessandra Fabbiani, Kristina Zguro, Simone Furini, Maria Antonietta Mencarelli, Alessandra Renieri, Sara Resciniti, Karla A. Peña-Guerra, Francisco J. Guzmán-Vega, Stefan T. Arold, Francesca Ariani, Shahid Niaz Khan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Whole exome sequencing has provided significant opportunities to discover novel candidate genes for intellectual disability and autism spectrum disorders. Variants in the spectrin genes SPTAN1, SPTBN1, SPTBN2, and SPTBN4 have been associated with neurological disorders; however, SPTBN5 gene-variants have not been associated with any human disorder. This is the first report that associates SPTBN5 gene variants (ENSG00000137877: c.266A>C; p.His89Pro, c.9784G>A; p.Glu3262Lys, c.933C>G; p.Tyr311Ter, and c.8809A>T; p.Asn2937Tyr) causing neurodevelopmental phenotypes in four different families. The SPTBN5-associated clinical traits in our patients include intellectual disability (mild to severe), aggressive tendencies, accompanied by variable features such as craniofacial and physical dysmorphisms, autistic behavior, and gastroesophageal reflux. We also provide a review of the existing literature related to other spectrin genes, which highlights clinical features partially overlapping with SPTBN5.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number877258
JournalFrontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
Volume15
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 17 2022

Keywords

  • heterozygous mutation
  • intellectual disability (ID)
  • protein modeling 3
  • SPTBN5
  • whole exome sequencing (WES)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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