Stability and liftoff of a N2-in-H2 jet flame in a vitiated co-flow at atmospheric pressure

A. North*, D. Frederick, J. Y. Chen, Robert Dibble, A. Gruber

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The stability and liftoff characteristics of a nitrogen (N2) diluted hydrogen (H2) jet fame in a vitiated co-fow are investigated experimentally with particular attention focused on regimes where multiple stabilization mechanisms are active. Information gleaned from this research is instrumental for informing modeling approaches in flame transition situations when both autoignition and flame propagation influence combustion characteristics. Stability regime diagrams which outline the conditions under which the fame is attached, lifted, blown-out, and unsteady are experimentally developed and explored. The lifted regime is further characterized in determining liftoff height dependence on N2 dilution, jet velocity, and co-flow equivalence ratio (or essentially, co-flow temperature). A strong sensitivity of liftoff height to N2 dilution, jet velocity, and co-flow equivalence ratio is observed. Liftoff heights predicted by Kalghatgi’s correlation are unable to capture the effects of N2 dilution on liftoff height for the heated co-flow cases. A uniquely formulated Damköhler number, where the chemical time scale is based on fame propagation rather than autoignition, was therefore developed which acceptably captures the effects of jet velocity, nitrogen dilution and environment temperature on liftoff height. Satisfactory agreement between the correlation results indicate that stabilization is dominated by propagation, and prior studies with similar fames, such as the research of Muñiz and Mungal (1997) indicate that the propagating fame is likely tribrachial.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)129-140
Number of pages12
JournalEurasian Chemico-Technological Journal
Issue number2-3
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014


  • Autoignition
  • Fame propagation
  • Hydrogen
  • Jet fames
  • Turbulent combustion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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