Strain analysis in silicon substrates under uniaxial and biaxial stress by convergent beam electron diffraction

Suey Li Toh*, K. P. Loh, C. B. Boothroyd, K. Li, C. H. Ang, L. Chan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


A detailed description of the application of the convergent beam electron diffraction (CBED) technique for studying strain propagation in the Si1-x Gex Si blanket wafers as well as silicon-based metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors is presented. Specifically, a simple and robust experimental procedure and analysis for silicon lattice strain measurement using the CBED technique is detailed in this article. The use of focused ion beam milling allows for better control of the thickness and site-specific analysis, especially for nanoscaled devices. A pictorial representation of the analytical conditions for the higher order Laue zone lines in CBED patterns is also reported in this work. Based on the Si lattice strain measurement results, we determined that a thin buffer layer of SiOx Ny incorporated below the Si3 N4 overlay film could render the uniaxial channel strain less compressive. Stress studied on Si1-x Gex Si blanket wafers reveals that a steeper SiGe compositional gradient would induce larger biaxial strain in the underlying Si substrate and hence a smaller amount of misfit dislocations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)940-946
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Vacuum Science and Technology B: Microelectronics and Nanometer Structures
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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