Subambient daytime cooling enabled by hierarchically architected all-inorganic metapaper with enhanced thermal dissipation

Yanpei Tian, Xiaojie Liu, Ziqi Wang, Jiansheng Li, Ying Mu, Shiyu Zhou, Fangqi Chen, Marilyn L. Minus, Gang Xiao, Yi Zheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


Daytime radiative cooling shows great promise for cooling terrestrial objects without energy consumption. Intensive research has yielded numerous material candidates, such as nanophotonic structures and polymer-dielectric composites, however, challenges exist, ranging from the cost of nanofabrication for nanophotonic structures to environmental threats of micro and nanoplastics during polymer degradation under sunlight exposure. Moreover, the effect of a material's thermal conductivity on heat dissipation has been overlooked in the past. Herein, we report the synthesis and study of a hierarchical hydroxyapatite inorganic radiative cooling (HIRC) metapaper to simultaneously achieve efficient radiative cooling and enhanced thermal dissipation to accelerate heat release. We demonstrate that the HIRC metapaper is featured with high solar reflectance (0.99) and high mid-infrared thermal emittance (0.90) and it yields a subambient temperature drop of 5.1 °C under solar irradiance of 950 W m−2 and a peak radiative cooling power of 104 W m−2 under the solar intensity of 910 W m−2 without polyethylene windshields. Moreover, the thermal conductivity of the metapaper exceeds that of polymer composites, thus enhancing the thermal dissipation from the underlying space. Furthermore, the hydroxyapatite's biocompatibility eliminates the concern of micro and nanoplastics release into the environment.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalNano Energy
StatePublished - Jun 1 2022
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • General Materials Science
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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