Synergy of Organic and Inorganic Sites in 2D Perovskite for Fast Neutron and X-Ray Imaging

Wenyi Shao, Qiang Li, Tengyue He, Yue Zhang, Mengchen Niu, Hongyun Wang, Zhenzhong Zhang*, Yang Zhou, Jian Xin Wang, Ruirui Fan, Xiaochuan Xia, Osman M. Bakr, Omar F. Mohammed*, Hongwei Liang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Fast neutron and X-ray imaging are considered complementary nondestructive detection technologies. However, due to their opposite cross-sections, development of a scintillator that is sensitive to both fast neutrons and X-rays within a single-material framework remains challenging. Herein, an organic–inorganic hybrid perovskite (C4H9NH3)2PbBr4 (BPB) is demonstrated as a scintillator that fully meets the requirements for both fast neutron and X-ray detection. The hydrogen-rich organic component acts as a fast neutron converter and produces detectable recoil protons. The heavy atom-rich inorganic fraction efficiently deposits the energy of charged recoil protons and directly provides a large X-ray cross-section. Due to the synergy of these organic and inorganic components, the BPB scintillator exhibits high light yields (86% of the brightness of a commercial ZnS (Ag)/6LiF scintillator for fast neutrons; 22 000 photons per MeV for X-rays) and fast response times (τdecay = 10.3 ns). More importantly, energy-selective fast neutron and X-ray imaging are also demonstrated, with high resolutions of ≈1 lp mm−1 for fast neutrons and 17.3 lp mm−1 for X-rays; these are among the highest resolution levels for 2D perovskite scintillators. This study highlights the potential of 2D perovskite materials for use in combined fast neutron and X-ray imaging applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2301767
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Issue number40
StateAccepted/In press - 2023


  • 2D perovskites
  • fast neutron imaging
  • scintillator
  • X-ray imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • General Chemistry
  • Biomaterials
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrochemistry


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