Synthesis and characterization of ionic liquids based upon 1-butyl-2,3-dimethylimidazolium chloride/ZnCl2

Vincent Lecocq, Aurélie Graille, Catherine C. Santini*, Anne Baudouin, Yves Chauvin, Jean Marie Basset, Laurence Arzel, Denis Bouchu, Bernard Fenet

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Scopus citations


Trialkylimidazolium chlorozincate molten salts resulting from the combination of zinc chloride and 1-butyl-2,3-dimethylimidazolium chloride, [BMMI][Cl], have been prepared with a mole percent of ZnCl2, R (R = nZnCl2/nZnCl2 + n[BMMI][Cl]) equal to 0, 0.1, 0.25, 0.33, 0.5, 0.66, 0.75. Their analyses by DSC, 13C, 1H and 35Cl solid state and solution NMR, and mass spectrometry (ESI, MS/MS) are consistent with the presence of [BMMI][Cl] and [BMMI][ZnCl3] for R < 0.5; pure [BMMI][ZnCl3] for R = 0.5, and [BMMI][ZnCl3] with [BMMI][Zn3Cl7] for R > 0.5. Infrared spectra realized in the presence of pyridine show that the Lewis acidity of ZnCl2-[BMMI][Cl] increases with R. High temperature (110 °C) 13C and 35Cl NMR experiments on neat [BMMI][ZnCl3] (R = 0.5) evidenced that its structure varies with time from [BMMI][ZnCl3] to [BMMI⋯Cl⋯ZnCl2].

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)700-706
Number of pages7
JournalNew Journal of Chemistry
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2005
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • General Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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