Synthesis and luminescent properties of planar-tip and tapered-tip ZnO nanorod arrays

Chun Wen Wang*, Jr-Hau He, Lih Juann Chen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Vertically aligned ZnO nanorods were synthesized on a-plane sapphire via a metal catalyzed vapor phase transport and condensation process in a two-zone vacuum furnace. Planar-tip and tapered-tip ZnO nanorods were successfully synthesized by utilizing different source materials under the same growth conditions. The growth mechanisms were proposed to be vapor-liquid-solid (VLS) process for planar-tip ZnO nanorods and a combination of VLS and self-catalyzed processes for tapered-tip ZnO nanorods. From cathodoluminescence (CL) measurements, tapered-tip ZnO nanorods have more intense green emission than planar-tip ZnO nanorods, and therefore possess higher oxygen vacancy concentration than planar-tip ZnO nanorods. From CL characteristics, well-aligned planar-tip ZnO nanorods shall serve effectively as laser source, while well-aligned tapered-tip ZnO nanorods are suitable for direction-related optical applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)633-636
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Materials Science and Technology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1 2008


  • Cathodoluminescence
  • Nanorods
  • Well-aligned
  • ZnO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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