An electrochemical latent redox probe, SAF 5 was designed, synthesized and characterized. A rapid and sensitive solution-based assay was demonstrated for salicylate hydroxylase (SHL). In presence of NADH at aerobic conditions, SHL catalyzed the decarboxylative hydroxylation of SAF and released a redox reporter amino ferrocene (AF 6). The release of AF 6 was monitored at interference free potential region (–50 mV vs. Ag|AgCl) using differential pulse voltammetry as signal read-out. The current signal generated by this process is highly specific, and insensitive to other biological interfering compounds. Next, the SAF incorporated SHL assay was extended to fabricate immobilization-free biosensors for rapid sensing of salicylic acid (SA) and β-hydroxybutyrate (β-HB) in whole blood. The described method rapidly detects SA in a linear range of 35–560 μM with detection limit of 5.0 μM. For β-HB determination, the linear range was 10–600 μM and detection limit was 2.0 μM. Besides, the assay protocols are simple, fast, reliable, selective, sensitive and advantageous over existing methods. The whole blood assay did not required cumbersome steps such as, enzyme immobilization, pre-treatments and holds great practical potential in clinical diagnosis.