Tailoring electrochemical property of layered perovskite cathode by Cu-doping for proton-conducting IT-SOFCs

Y. Ling*, L. Zhao, X. Liu, B. Lin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Layered perovskite oxide YBaCuCoO5+x (YBCC) was synthesized by an EDTA-citrate complexation process and was investigated as a novel cathode for proton-conducting intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFCs). The thermal expansion coefficient (TEC) of YBCC was 15.3×10-6K-1 and the electrical conductivity presented a semiconductor-like behavior with the maximum value of 93.03 Scm-1 at 800°C. Based on the defect chemistry analysis, the electrical conductivity gradually decreases by the introduction of Cu into Co sites of YBaCo2O5+x and the conductor mechanism can transform from the metallic-like behavior to the semiconductor-like behavior. Thin proton-conducting (BaZr0.1Ce0.7Y0.1Yb0.1O3-δ) BZCYYb electrolyte and NiO-BZCYYb anode functional layer were prepared over porous anode substrates composed of NiO-BZCYYb by a one-step dry-pressing/co-firing process. Laboratory-sized quad-layer cells of NiO-BZCYYb / NiO-BZCYYb / BZCYYb / YBCC with a 20 μm-thick BZCYYb electrolyte membrane exhibited the maximum power density as high as 435 mWcm-2 with an open-circuit potential (OCV) of 0.99V and a low interfacial polarization resistance of 0.151 Ωcm2 at 700°C. The experimental results have indicated that the layered perovskite oxide YBCC can be a cathode candidate for utilization as proton-conducting IT-SOFCs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)384-389
Number of pages6
JournalFuel Cells
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2015


  • Defect Chemistry Analysis
  • Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
  • Layered Perovskite Oxide
  • Polarization Resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


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