The N14 anti-afamin antibody Fab: A rare VL1 CDR glycosylation, crystallographic re-sequencing, molecular plasticity and conservative versus enthusiastic modelling

Andreas Naschberger, Barbara G. Fürnrohr, Tihana Lenac Rovis, Suzana Malic, Klaus Scheffzek, Hans Dieplinger, Bernhard Rupp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

The monoclonal antibody N14 is used as a detection antibody in ELISA kits for the human glycoprotein afamin, a member of the albumin family, which has recently gained interest in the capture and stabilization of Wnt signalling proteins, and for its role in metabolic syndrome and papillary thyroid carcinoma. As a rare occurrence, the N14 Fab is N-glycosylated at Asn26L at the onset of the VL1 antigen-binding loop, with the α-1-6 core fucosylated complex glycan facing out of the L1 complementarity-determining region. The crystal structures of two non-apparent (pseudo) isomorphous crystals of the N14 Fab were analyzed, which differ significantly in the elbow angles, thereby cautioning against the overinterpretation of domain movements upon antigen binding. In addition, the map quality at 1.9 Å resolution was sufficient to crystallographically re-sequence the variable VL and VH domains and to detect discrepancies in the hybridoma-derived sequence. Finally, a conservatively refined parsimonious model is presented and its statistics are compared with those from a less conservatively built model that has been modelled more enthusiastically. Improvements to the PDB validation reports affecting ligands, clashscore and buried surface calculations are suggested.Models of the VL1 glycosylated Fab fragment independently refined from two non-apparent (pseudo) isomorphous crystals show significant differences, allowing the meaning of accuracy in structure description to be revisited, while at the same time inviting reflections about the benefits and boundaries of complex solvent modelling and validation.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1267-1280
Number of pages14
JournalActa Crystallographica Section D: Structural Biology
Volume72
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

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