Quantum-chemical calculations and ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS) measurements have been performed in order to study the interaction between sodium and oligothiophenes, with a focus on the origin of experimentally observed relaxation energy effects in alkali-metal-doped conjugated molecules. Upon doping of α-sexithienylene (α-6T) with sodium atoms, (1) a broad feature appears in the valence band, in an energy region corresponding to the band gap in pristine α-6T, and (2) certain structural features in the valence band shift towards lower binding energies in the doped material. In particular, upon doping, a structural peak related to electronic levels mainly localized to the sulfur and β-carbon atoms destabilizes to an energy corresponding to that of the valence-band edge in pristine α-6T. The results of ab initia Hartree-Fock and local-spin-density calculations on α-trithienylene and bithiophene are consistent with the experimental data, and allow for an assignment of these destabilization effects in terms of initial-state relaxations. We stress that similar destabilization effects, reported for other alkali-metal-doped conjugated systems, had previously been proposed to be associated with final-state electronic screening, i.e., a dynamic artifact within the UPS measurements; this is in contradiction to the results of our ab initio theoretical studies. Our present results show that all structural features in the UPS data are contained in the results of sufficiently complete quantum chemical calculations.
|Number of pages
|Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
|Published - Jun 15 1996
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics