Thin-film organic photodiodes as integrated detectors for microscale chemiluminescence assays

Oliver Hofmann, Paul Miller, Paul Sullivan, Timothy S. Jones, John C. Demello, Donal D.C. Bradley, Andrew J. Demello

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

136 Scopus citations


We report the use of thin-film organic photodiodes as integrated optical detectors for microscale chemiluminescence. The copper phthalocyanine-fullerene (CuPc-C60) small molecule photodiodes have an external quantum efficiency of ∼30% at 600-700 nm, an active area of 2 mm × 8 mm and a total thickness of ∼2 mm. Simple detector fabrication, based on layer-by-layer vacuum deposition, allows facile integration with planar chip-based systems. To demonstrate the efficacy of the approach, CuPc-C 60 photodiodes were used to monitor a peroxyoxalate based chemiluminescence reaction (PO-CL) within a poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) microfluidic device. Optimum results were obtained for applied reagent flow rates of 25 μL/min, yielding a CL signal of 8.8 nA within 11 min. Reproducibility was excellent with typical relative standard deviations (R.S.D.) below 1.5%. Preliminary quantitation of hydrogen peroxide yielded a detection limit of ∼1 mM and linearity over at least three decades. With improved sensitivity and when combined with enzymatic assays the described integrated devices could find many applications in point-of-care diagnostics. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSensors and Actuators, B: Chemical
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 13 2005
Externally publishedYes


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