Time-Varying Channel Estimation Scheme for Uplink MU-MIMO in 6G Systems

Jianhao Wang, Wensheng Zhang, Yunfei Chen, Zhi Liu, Jian Sun, Cheng Xiang Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Channel estimation is a challenging issue for millimeter wave (mmWave) and massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) in the future sixth generation (6G) wireless systems, where the conventional estimation schemes may fail to track the fast varying channels, especially in high-speed mobile scenarios. In this paper, a novel tensor-based uplink channel estimation scheme is proposed for multi-user MIMO (MU-MIMO) systems over time-varying channels. In the proposed scheme, a low-overhead pilot transmission scheme is designed to track the varying channel. The received uplink signal at the base station (BS) is formulated as a third-order tensor which admits a CANDECOMP/PARAFAC (CP) model. The CP decomposition issue is then solved using blind matrix decomposition, in which the special structures of signals in the time dimension and the matrix subspace are utilized. By exploiting low-rank structure of the signal tensor, the channel parameters (angles of arrival/departure, path gains, and Doppler shifts) are estimated from the factor matrices. Moreover, the proposed scheme is theoretically analyzed and it is guaranteed with low pilot overhead. Simulation results verify that the proposed scheme can outperform the compressed sensing (CS) based scheme and the iteration-based scheme in terms of accuracy and stability. The uniqueness of the proposed scheme is also verified in our simulation.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11820-11831
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Issue number11
StatePublished - Jul 21 2022
Externally publishedYes


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