Toughening adhesive joints through crack path engineering using integrated polyamide wires

Ran Tao, Xiaole Li, Arief Yudhanto, Marco Alfano, Gilles Lubineau*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Ensuring the progressivity of failure of adhesively-bonded composite joints is necessary to guarantee safety and to optimize maintenance operations. In our previous work, we proposed a novel surface patterning strategy to stop crack propagation by triggering bridging of adhesive ligaments. However, the brittle failure of classical bridging ligaments still releases a large amount of stored elastic energy, leading to a snap-slip crack propagation or even catastrophic sudden fracture of bonded joints. Such technology could be further improved by integrating ductile structures within the adhesive layer, but the detailed failure mechanisms require systematic investigation. In this work, we integrated thermoplastic polyamide structures within the epoxy adhesive layer of double cantilever beams to guide this transition from brittle failure to a stable softening behavior. Weak polyamide/epoxy adhesion and their embedded area fractions were critical since they affected the damage mechanisms and determined energy dissipation within bonded joints.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number106954
JournalComposites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing
StatePublished - Jul 2022


  • Adhesive joints
  • CFRP
  • DCB
  • Extrinsic toughening
  • Polyamide inclusions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials


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