Transitions and excitations in a superfluid stream passing small impurities

Florian Pinsker, Natalia G. Berloff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


We analyze asymptotically and numerically the motion around a single impurity and a network of impurities inserted in a two-dimensional superfluid. The criticality for the breakdown of superfluidity is shown to occur when it becomes energetically favorable to create a doublet—the limiting case between a vortex pair and a rarefaction pulse on the surface of the impurity. Depending on the characteristics of the potential representing the impurity, different excitation scenarios are shown to exist for a single impurity as well as for a lattice of impurities. Depending on the lattice characteristics it is shown that several regimes are possible: dissipationless flow, excitations emitted by the lattice boundary, excitations created in the bulk, and the formation of large-scale structures.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPhysical Review A
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 8 2014
Externally publishedYes


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