Tuning an Electrode Work Function Using Organometallic Complexes in Inverted Perovskite Solar Cells

Jiantao Wang, Jinhua Li, Yecheng Zhou, Chengzhuo Yu, Yuhui Hua, Yinye Yu, Ruxue Li, Xiaosong Lin, Rui Chen, Hongkai Wu, Haiping Xia, Hsing Lin Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

87 Scopus citations


Low-work-function (WF) metals (including silver (Ag), aluminum (Al), and copper (Cu)) used as external cathodes in inverted perovskite solar cells (PSCs) encounter oxidation caused by air exposure and halogen-diffusion-induced corrosion, which threaten the long-term stability of the device. The cathode interlayer (CIL) has shown promise in reducing the metal WF and thus boosting the device power conversion efficiency (PCE). However, it remains a challenge for current CIL materials to enable high-WF metals (e.g., Au) to be used as cathodes to achieve PSCs with a superior PCE and long-term stability. Here, we use a series of synthesized (carbolong-derived) organometallic complexes as CILs to tune the electrode WF in inverted PSCs. Density functional theory calculations and surface characterizations show that the organometallic complexes that contain anions and cations are prone to form anion-cation dipoles on the metal surface, hence drastically reducing the metal's WF. Photovoltaic devices based on a Ag cathode, which was modified with these organometallic complexes, received a boosted PCE up to 21.29% and a remarkable fill factor that reached 83.52%, which are attributed to the dipole-enhanced carrier transport. The environmental stability of PSCs was further improved after employing Au as a cathode with these organometallic complexes, and the modified devices exhibited no efficiency loss after 4080 h storage measurements.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7759-7768
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number20
StatePublished - May 26 2021
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry
  • General Chemistry
  • Catalysis


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